Poussin, Nicolas

Poussin, Nicolas
► (1594-1665) Pintor francés. Sus obras, de excelente dibujo, son notables por su serenidad y equilibrio: Rebeca y Eliezer, El Diluvio, Moisés salvado de las aguas, El rapto de las sabinas, El Parnaso, etc.

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(1594, Villers, Francia–19 nov. 1665, Roma, Estados Pontificios).

Pintor francés. Salvo dos años que trabajó como pintor de la corte de Luis XIII, toda su carrera transcurrió en Roma, donde se convirtió en un gran admirador de la antigua civilización romana. En sus primeras obras representó temas de la mitología clásica en un estilo pictórico que evocaba a los maestros venecianos como Tiziano. Recurrió a Rafael como fuente de inspiración, y a mediados de la década de 1630 comenzó a desarrollar un estilo marcado por la claridad y monumentalidad clásica. Sus obras maestras posteriores, como La sagrada familia de la escalera (1648), emplean un estilo calculado para expresar virtud y rectitud, presentando sólo unas pocas figuras pintadas en colores chillones contra un fondo apagado. En sus paisajes, como Paisaje con Polifemo (1649), el desorden de la naturaleza se somete al orden de la geometría. Sus composiciones austeras y ordenadas ejercieron influencia sobre varias generaciones de pintores franceses, entre ellos, Jacques-Louis David, J.-A.-D. Ingres y Paul Cézanne.

"La Sagrada Familia de la escalera, óleo sobre tela de Nicolas Poussin, 1648; ...
National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., Samuel H. Kress Collection

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

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  • Poussin, Nicolas — • An article about the artist, with bibliography Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Poussin, Nicolas — born 1594, Villers, France died Nov. 19, 1665, Rome, Papal States French painter. Except for two years as court painter to Louis XIII, he spent his entire career in Rome, where he became an admirer of ancient Roman civilization. In early works,… …   Universalium

  • Poussin, Nicolas — (1594 1665)    painter    Nicolas Poussin, who was the founder and greatest practitioner of 17th century French classical painting, was born in Villers, near Les Andelys, normandy. He studied painting in Paris and probably also Rouen, then in… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Poussin, Nicolas — (1594 1665)    French artist who was mainly active in Rome. Little is known of Poussin s activities in France prior to his arrival in the papal city in 1624. He is then documented living with Simon Vouet, and in 1626 with François Duquesnoy. The… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Poussin, Nicolas — (June 1594 Villiers bei Les Andelys 11/19/1665) (France / Italy)    Painter. A major figure of the French Baroque period. Trained with the Mannerist Georges Lalle mant and perhaps F. Elle in Paris. Renowned for his landscapes and history… …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Poussin,Nicolas — Pous·sin (po͞o săɴʹ), Nicolas. 1594 1665. French painter whose landscapes and historical and religious paintings, such as Holy Family on the Steps (1648), are among the greatest examples of the classical style. * * * …   Universalium

  • POUSSIN, NICOLAS —    one of the most illustrious of French painters, born near Andelys, in Normandy; studied first in Paris and then at Rome, where he first attained celebrity, whence he was in 1640 invited to Paris by Louis XIII., who appointed him painter in… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Poussin, Nicolas —  (1594–1665) French painter …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Poussin — Poussin, Nicolas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nicolas Poussin — Poussin redirects here. For other uses, see Poussin (disambiguation). Nicolas Poussin Self portrait by Nicolas Poussin, 1650 Born June 15, 1594(1594 06 15) nea …   Wikipedia

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